Cyber security is the application of technologies, processes and controls to protect systems, networks, programs, devices and data from cyber attacks. It aims to reduce the risk of cyber attacks and protect against the unauthorised exploitation of systems, networks and technologies.
A cyber security threat refers to any possible malicious attack that seeks to unlawfully access data, disrupt digital operations or damage information. Cyber threats can originate from various sources, including corporate spies, hacktivists, terrorist groups, hostile nation-states, criminal organisations, lone hackers and disgruntled employees.
Cyber attackers can use an individual’s or a company’s sensitive data to steal information or gain access to their finances, among other potentially damaging actions, which is why cyber security professionals are essential for keeping private data protected. Cyber security threats can include:
As the number of threats continue to increase year on year, the need for cyber security professionals is likewise increasing with the UK workforce is struggling to meet demand. So more people need to develop the skills to fill the gap.
A 2020 government report on the UK cyber security labour market found that approximately 653,000 businesses (48%) have a basic skills gap, in areas such as setting up configured firewalls, storing or transferring personal data, and detecting and removing malware. A further 408,000 businesses (30%) have more advanced skills gaps, in areas such as penetration testing, forensic analysis and security architecture.
Job roles include:
Salaries range from £20,000 for an entry level position to over £100,00 for a director level post.
Popular qualifications include:
Skills needed to be successful in a cyber security career include:
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85% of cybersecurity breaches are caused by human error
94% of all malware
attacks happen every 10 seconds.
Annual global cost of cybercrime is estimated to be £7 trillion by 2025
In 2021 the cybersecurity industry is expected to have a 0% unemployment rate